Receptacle And Switch Repair
You reside you reside in a brand new home this isn’t a typical problem, but in older homes devices are likely to get worn out or broken. Receptacles often lose their ability to carry a plug, usually attributable to improper plug removal. That’s right yanking it out by the cord. This also causes stress on the cord that could lead to it is failure. So when removing a plug Do not pull the cord, pull the plug. Switches, on the other hand, wear out just because they are used lots.
Fixing a broken switch is a relatively simple task. You have to first find out what type of switch you might have. If you’re in a bedroom or bathroom, you are probably coping with a simple single pole switch. They’re easily identified in that they have ON and OFF printed on them, and there is simply 1 switch controlling your light. If you’re in larger rooms with two or more doorways, it might be a 3-way or 4-way switch. If you’re able to regulate your light from only 2 places, you might be dealing with a 3-way. 3-way switches are always installed in pairs, and it may be necessary to replace one or both. If you possibly can control your light from 3 or more places your dealing with 3-way and 4-way switches. Also the switches won’t have ON and OFF printed on them.
Loose devices are a typical problem even in new homes. Sometimes when drywallers cut out around boxes, they remove a little bit too much material. This combined with a box not being mounted flush with the drywall, causes the device to be set back too far in the wall to allow a cover to be installed. Even should you try to put in the cover anyway, it might break or become distorted. There are a couple of fantastic fixes for these devices. One is a metal bracket that slides in behind the outlet. This works well if there just isn’t an excessive amount of missing wall material. The opposite is a plastic shim. These are my personal favorite. They’re designed to be installed around the mounting screws of the device, so they do not depend on the wall material to secure them. They’re also packaged accordion style with interlocking tabs so you’ll be able to break off what you need for a precise fit. To put in these, first locate the circuit you are working on and shut that breaker off. Remove the device cover, and loosen the mounting screws for the device. Slide your metal bracket in behind your outlet, or shims around mounting screws, and re-tighten mounting screws. In the event you used the bracket you’ll be able to re-install your cover. In case you used the shims, you might have to add or remove them to get the device flush with the wall. Once the device is flush you possibly can re-install your cover, turn your breaker on, and check your device. If your device is broken or defective let’s go ahead and replace it.
A broken receptacle can be somewhat difficult depending on what number of wires are in the box. The very first thing we are going to do is shut off the circuit we are going to be engaged on on the panel. An accurate panel schedule will make this step lots easier. Test your receptacle to insure it is off then remove it. If more than 1 set of wires are attached to the receptacle, you might want to twist the wires together before re-installing the device. If there is only 1 set of wires you’ll be able to attach them to the device and re-install it. The black wire goes on the brass screw, and the white wire goes on the silver screw. If you can’t tell if the screws are brass or silver, look on the front of the receptacle. The short slot is the black, and the long slot is the white. If there may be more than 1 set of wires you might want to twist the wires together. Twist all of the black wires together adding a further wire to attach to the receptacle. Secure them with the appropriate wire nut. Repeat this procedure for the white and ground wires. Install your new device, shim if necessary,turn the breaker back on and test your device. Switches are a little bit different.
When working on switches you will need to know that the white wire, always used as the neutral, can be used as a hot wire on the switch. This is just permitted in a house, using 2-wire romex as its wiring method. This is not important for attaching wires to the switch, but more for testing live circuits before you begin. Ensure to test all wires on the switch before removing them. A single-pole switch will only have 2 wires attached to it. After shutting off the breaker, check for voltage, then remove the switch. Install the brand new switch. It doesn’t matter which wire goes on which screw. I prefer to place the hot wire on top. If for some reason there are greater than two wires attached to the switch, you will need to twist like wires together as described above. Be very careful here, because of the white wire rule. The hot wire is allowed to be hot at the switch, but cannot leave the switch white. So it is feasible to have white and black twisted together. If you’re completely confused at this point do not panic. Just stop and call a qualified electrician. He or she’s going to know what to do. Do not attempt to wire your switch unless you’re 100 percent sure you know what you might be doing. In case you are.1 percent unsure, get qualified help. For those who only had the 2 wires, then go ahead and install your new switch, turn in your breaker and test your switch. If that was difficult then 3 and 4 way switches will really make your head spin.
I don’t recommend replacing your personal 3 and 4-way switches because it may be a very involved process and a troubleshooting nightmare when you lose track of the wiring. With this in mind if you want to try it, you have to 2 things. Something to mark your wires with, and your electricians phone number. First shut your breaker off and remove your switch from the wall. Don’t remove any wires yet. The 3-way can have 3 wires attached to it, and the 4-way may have 4. You’ll first must identify the travellers, that’s the 2 wires that run between both 3-way switches. In case you look at the switch the travellers must be attached to the screws which are the identical color. Mark both of them and remove the switch. Now you can install your new switch. 4-way switches have 2 sets of travellers, and it is very important that you do not cross them. Mark all wires before you remove them and replace them EXACTLY like you found them. Whenever you restore power to check, be sure to test all switches involved. As you possibly can see this is a particularly involved process, so in case you are confused or unsure don’t attempt this repair.
These device replacements could be simple repairs or very complicated troubleshooting projects. 3 and 4-way switches confuse even seasoned electricians, that is why it is best left to well trained professionals. If at any time you feel the least bit unsure of what you are coping with stop and call a professional electrician. Mistakes on this project could get very expensive.